Order of the Sun of Peru

Order of the Sun of Peru
Orden del Sol.jpg
TypeOrder of merit
Awarded forCivil and military merit
DescriptionPurple ribbon
Presented bythe Republic of Peru
StatusCurrently awarded
Established8 October 1821, discontinued 1825,
re-established 1921
Order of the Sun Ribbon.jpg
Ribbon of the Order

The Order of the Sun of Peru (Spanish: Orden El Sol del Perú), formerly known as the Order of the Sun, is the highest award bestowed by the nation of Peru to commend notable civil and military merit. The award is the oldest civilian award in the Americas, first being established in 1821.


The Order was originally instituted on 8 October 1821 by General José de San Martín upon reaching Lima, to recognize those who had distinguished themselves in the campaign against the Spanish Royalists. The three classes of appointment to the Order were, in descending order of precedence: Founder, Meritorious and Associate.

It was discontinued four years later, after many grantees started to use the award as a nobility title, similar to the earlier Castile titles awarded by the colonial government. The Congress issued a law abolishing the Order of the Sun on May 9, 1825.

In 1921, the Order was re-established to commemorate the Centennial of Peruvian Independence.


The award consists of the following classes:

  • Grand Cross with diamonds
  • Grand Cross
  • Grand Officer
  • Commander
  • Officer
  • Knight
Ribbon bars
PER Order of the Sun of Peru - Grand Cross BAR.png
Grand Cross with diamonds
PER Order of the Sun of Peru - Grand Cross BAR.png
Grand Cross
PER Order of the Sun of Peru - Grand Officer BAR.png
Grand Officer
PER Order of the Sun of Peru - Commander BAR.png
PER Order of the Sun of Peru - Officer BAR.png
PER Order of the Sun of Peru - Knight BAR.png

Notable recipients

Certificate confirming that the Order of the Sun of Peru was conferred on Ernesto Burzagli in the name of the President of the Peruvian Republic in 1924.
This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by adding missing items with reliable sources.


Other people

U.S. First Lady Pat Nixon is awarded the Grand Cross of the Order of the Sun for her efforts to deliver relief supplies after an earthquake in 1970. At left is Peruvian First Lady Consuelo Velasco; at right is the Peruvian Ambassador to the United States.


  1. ^ "Guillermo Hillcoat", Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre (in Spanish), 8 September 2020, retrieved 26 January 2021
  2. ^ "Peru: Order of the Sun of Peru". medals.org.uk. Retrieved 19 July 2020.


Wikimedia Commons has media related to Order of the Sun.
  • Werlich, Robert. (1965). Orders and Decorations of All Nations: Ancient and Modern, Civil and Military. Washington, D.C.: Quaker Press. OCLC 390804
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